Scientific name: Huso Huso
Beluga belongs to the sturgeon family (Acipenseridae) and is the largest sturgeon in the world. It is found mainly in the Caspian and Black Sea basins and occasionally in the Adriatic Sea. Heavily fished for the female's precious eggs, known as beluga caviar, the beluga is a huge, late-ripening fish. Its height can vary from 1/5 to 4 meters and also its normal and usual weight can vary between 40-300 kg but it can also reach 1 ton. It was surprising that several years ago a 1250 kg sturgeon was caught in Iran and had 230 kg of pure caviar.
These large fish can take up to 18 years to reach sexual maturity and even then they will only spawn once every two to four years. Adults migrate upstream in spring or autumn to lay their eggs in shallow pools; a single female can produce between 300,000 and 7.5 million eggs, which are attached to stones at the bottom of the pool.
The sturgeon has survived from the time of the dinosaurs, but some beluga populations are now threatened with commercial extinction, mainly due to overfishing. In addition, habitat destruction due to coastal habitat pollution and alteration of river systems through dams, pollution and silting up have further affected the number of belugas. Eggs are highly valued as caviar, both for quality and quantity. Beluga is the most famous of the caviar sturgeons.
Caviar from a special Huso-Huso (Aquafarming) . Taken from at least 16 years of mature sturgeon. Eggs with a particle size of approximately 3.3 to 3.5 mm even larger.